Lesson 2 - The Anglo-Irish Treaty

Understanding 1917 & Beyond

Lesson 2 - The Anglo-Irish Treaty

The Anglo-Irish Treaty was signed on 6th December 1921 by representatives of the British Government and the Irish Republic and officially brought the War of Independence to an end. Despite being signed, the Treaty had to be approved in Dáil Éireann. Although the Treaty was narrowly approved, the split in the Dáil led to the Irish Civil War, fought between Pro and Anti-Treaty forces. Within the conditions of the Treaty, Northern Ireland – created a year earlier by the Government of Ireland Act – had the option of withdrawing from the Irish Free state and remaining under British control, leading to the partition of the island of Ireland.

Resources with links to Statutory Requirements



  • Review the resources and links to find out why the Anglo Irish Treaty was signed and what the repercussions were to be for Ireland.
  • Investigate the personalities involved in the signing of the Treaty and be able to identify and explain their intentions.
  • Using the information from the links as an example, prepare and complete a creative response to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the topic.

Opportunities for Cross Curricular learning

Using ICT

The resources examine the topic utilizing a number of different media, which serve to engage pupils with the material, challenging them to think more creatively and encourage discussion.

The resources could inspire tasks that would support presenting, researching, desktop publishing, working with moving images, working with images and working with sound.


The resources provide pupils with the opportunity to develop their talking and listening, reading and writing skills through independent learning and shared experience.

Opportunities for Thinking Skills and Personal Capabilities

Using the content, pupils have the opportunity to investigate meaning, explore ideas and analyse the information they are provided with. Within their individual learning, through group work and by questioning ideas, there is ample scope within the materials to include a focus on TS & PC. For this section, the following strands from the TS & PC framework are the most obvious to consider:

Managing Information

Pupils have the opportunity to:

  • plan and set goals and break a task into sub-tasks;
  • use their own and others’ ideas to locate sources of information;
  • select, classify, compare and evaluate information; and
  • communicate with a sense of audience and purpose.

Thinking, Problem-Solving and Decision-Making

Pupils have the opportunity to:

  • make links between cause and effect;
  • justify methods, opinions and conclusions; and
  • use different types of questions.

Being Creative

Pupils have the opportunity to:

  • experiment with ideas and questions;
  • challenge the routine method; and
  • take risks for learning.

Working with Others

Pupils have the opportunity to:

  • listen actively and share opinions;
  • be fair; and
  • suggest ways of improving their approach to working collaboratively.


Pupils have the opportunity to:

  • be aware of their personal strengths, limitations and interests;
  • organise and plan how to go about a task;
  • focus, sustain attention and persist with tasks; and
  • learn ways to manage their own time.

Opportunities to develop

Possible Task

Using video editing software, create a video with images and a voiceover track that explains what the terms of the Treaty were and who some of the main signees were on both sides.

Working in pairs, research and save multiple, relevant images to be used in your movie and script a voiceover that compliments the images and meets the requirements of the task.

Areas of Learning: The Arts (Art and Design), Language and Literacy (English/Irish with Media Education), Environment and Society (History)

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