Lesson 2 - Irish War of Independence

Understanding 1917 & Beyond

Lesson 2 - Irish War of Independence

The Irish War of Independence began in January 1919 when, after winning a landslide victory in Ireland during the 1918 December general election, Sinn Féin formed Dáil Éireann and declared independence from Britain. The war was fought between the Irish Republican Army and British security forces in Ireland. The war ended in July 1921 with a stalemate and a truce – amongst other reasons and pressures, both sides felt that the war was proving too costly and could not continue.

Resources with links to Statutory Requirements



  • Review the resources and links in order to understand why the Irish War Of Independence began and how it came to an end.
  • Using the information from the links as an example, prepare and complete a creative response to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the topic

Opportunities for Cross Curricular learning

Using ICT

The resources examine the topic utilizing a number of different media, which serve to engage pupils with the material, challenging them to think more creatively and encourage discussion.

The resources could inspire tasks that would support presenting, researching, desktop publishing, working with moving images, working with images and working with sound.


The resources provide pupils with the opportunity to develop their talking and listening, reading and writing skills through independent learning and shared experience.

Opportunities for Thinking Skills and Personal Capabilities

Using the content, pupils have the opportunity to investigate meaning, explore ideas and analyse the information they are provided with. Within their individual learning, through group work and by questioning ideas, there is ample scope within the materials to include a focus on TS & PC. For this section, the following strands from the TS & PC framework are the most obvious to consider:

Managing Information

Pupils have the opportunity to:

  • plan and set goals and break a task into sub-tasks;
  • use their own and others’ ideas to locate sources of information;
  • select, classify, compare and evaluate information; and
  • communicate with a sense of audience and purpose.

Thinking, Problem-Solving and Decision-Making

Pupils have the opportunity to:

  • sequence, order, classify, and make comparisons;
  • make links between cause and effect; and
  • justify methods, opinions and conclusions.

Being Creative

Pupils have the opportunity to:

  • seek out questions to explore and problems to solve;
  • experiment with ideas and questions;
  • learn from and value other people’s ideas;
  • challenge the routine method; and
  • take risks for learning.

Working with Others

Pupils have the opportunity to:

  • listen actively and share opinions;
  • take personal responsibility for work with others and evaluate their own contribution to the group;
  • be fair; and
  • respect the views and opinions of others and reach agreements using negotiation and compromise.


Pupils have the opportunity to:

  • be aware of their personal strengths, limitations and interests;
  • set personal targets and review them;
  • organise and plan how to go about a task;
  • focus, sustain attention and persist with tasks; and
  • learn ways to manage their own time.

Opportunities to develop

Possible Task

Using sound recording/editing software, create a podcast which details why the War Of Independence began and what were the consequences of the war.

Working in pairs, research the events that led up to the War Of Independence, what happened during the war and the consequences of the war. You should also address the long term effect of the war on Ireland/Northern Ireland.

Areas of Learning: The Arts (Drama), Language and Literacy (English/Irish with Media Education), Environment and Society (History), Learning For Life and Work (Local and Global Citizenship)

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