Mathematics and Numeracy

Mathematics and Numeracy

Mathematics and Numeracy is a compulsory Area of Learning at Key Stage 3. It gives pupils a wider understanding of how the world around them works and prepares them for making decisions, solving problems and processing everyday information.

This Area of Learning encourages pupils to deepen the mathematical knowledge, understanding and skills they have acquired at Key Stages 1 and 2. Pupils develop and demonstrate this deeper understanding through creative and critical thinking, being flexible in their approach, solving problems and making informed decisions.

At Key Stage 3, Mathematics and Numeracy has two subject strands: Mathematics and Financial Capability.

Mathematics helps pupils to develop important skills such as calculating, logical thinking and investigating. It enables pupils to:

  • understand quantity and measures;
  • appreciate patterns and relationships;
  • explore size and shape; and
  • analyse data and chance.

Through Financial Capability, teachers should give pupils opportunities to develop knowledge and understanding of a range of finance issues. Pupils should also develop skills that enable them to make competent and responsible financial decisions.

By engaging with issues that young people can relate to, now and in the future, teachers can help pupils to see the relevance of Mathematics and Financial Capability to real life and to work.

Key Elements

The key elements that underpin the curriculum objectives are key issues for modern society. The statutory requirements for this Area of Learning make these key elements explicit.

For further details, see the Statutory Requirements for Mathematics and Numeracy: Mathematics with Financial Capability at Key Stage 3 and the Key Stage 3 Non-Statutory Guidance for Mathematics with Financial Capability.

Whole Curriculum Skills and Capabilities

Pupils should have opportunities to develop their Cross-Curricular Skills of Communication, Using Mathematics and Using ICT, and their Thinking Skills and Personal Capabilities through Mathematics and Numeracy.


For more information on Mathematics and Numeracy, contact: