Environment and Society

Environment and Society

Environment and Society is a compulsory Area of Learning at Key Stage 3. It has two subject strands: Geography and History. This Area of Learning gives pupils opportunities to investigate the past and the impact on today’s environmental and social issues.

Teachers should encourage pupils to develop their creative and critical thinking skills to solve geographical problems and evaluate a range of historical evidence.

The statutory requirements for the subject strands have a common framework that is linked to the curriculum objectives and key elements. This framework facilitates more collaborative and connected learning. It also encourages pupils to relate their learning to life and to work.

Schools can choose to organise pupils’ learning in Environment and Society by:

  • teaching the subject strands together;
  • connecting learning in the subject strands; and/or
  • teaching the subject strands separately.

If schools teach Geography and History as separate subject strands, they should make some connections in Environment and Society.

See the subject strand pages for more information:

Whole Curriculum Skills and Capabilities

Pupils should have opportunities to develop their Cross-Curricular Skills of Communication, Using Mathematics and Using ICT, and their Thinking Skills and Personal Capabilities through Environment and Society.


For more information on Environment and Society, contact: