Mathematics and Numeracy

Mathematics and Numeracy is an Area of Learning in the curriculum. In the Foundation Stage, children acquire early mathematical concepts through play-based learning and planned activities that involve sorting, matching, comparing, classifying, and making patterns and sequences.

Teachers should enable children to develop knowledge, understanding and skills in:

  • Number
    • Understanding Number
    • Counting and Number Recognition
    • Understanding Money
  • Measures
  • Shape and Space
  • Sorting
  • Patterns and Relationships.

Developing mathematical language is fundamental in the Foundation Stage, so children need to be able to talk about their work. By engaging in a wide variety of activities, children begin to understand mathematical language and then use this language to talk about their work.

Teachers should provide opportunities for children to develop mathematical understanding through play and guided mathematical activities. These experiences should encourage children to explore and investigate, do and observe, talk and listen, and ask and answer questions.

For further details, see the Statutory Requirements for Mathematics and Numeracy at Foundation Stage.

Whole Curriculum Skills and Capabilities

Children should have opportunities to develop their Cross-Curricular Skills of Communication, Using Mathematics and Using ICT, and their Thinking Skills and Personal Capabilities through Mathematics and Numeracy.


For more information on Mathematics and Numeracy, contact: