The Requirements (5’E’s)
The requirements for Using ICT in the Levels of Progression are set out under the headings Explore, Express, Exchange, Evaluate and Exhibit. These represent the steps a learner might follow when taking an initial idea from concept to completion.
This typically follows a ‘plan, do, review’ process. At the planning stage, pupils should consider the audience and purpose for their work and investigate existing examples in a relevant area of practice.
- Explore and Express form the core of most activities that your pupils will be involved in.
- Evaluate requires you to include opportunities for them to consider:
- what they have done;
- how they have done it; and
- what they can do to improve their product for the intended audience and purpose.
- They also need to have opportunities to Exchange (work collaboratively online) and Exhibit (showcase their work digitally).
It is very unusual for a single assessment task to allow you to generate evidence for all 5'E's. More typically, coverage of the 5 'E's comes from several tasks carried out across different subjects and using a range of software.
Co-ordination at a whole-school level needs to ensure that pupils' experiences of Using ICT include different types of software.
Explore is about researching information, as well as using digital tools to investigate and solve problems. It ranges from resources being provided for pupils, to pupils being more independent and discriminating users of ICT. This ‘E’ often forms the first part of work that a pupil engages in.
There are two parts to Explore:
- 'Access, select, interpret and research information from safe and reliable sources'
- 'Investigate, make predictions and solve problems through interaction with digital tools'
Express is about pupils being creative and developing and presenting their ideas using text, sound, music and still or moving images. It ranges from pupils using simple text, sound or pictures to producing a multimedia product.
Most Using ICT activities involve some Express skills. This is the 'doing' part of using software to make a product.
Exchange is about pupils collaborating with others online to share and develop their ideas using safe and acceptable online behaviour. This can include sending an email, participating in a videoconference, contributing to an online discussion, creating a collaborative document or using collaborative online tools. Tasks with a strong Exchange focus can also make a valuable contribution to the richness of pupils’ experiences of Explore and Express.
Evaluate is about pupils reflecting on the process and outcome of their ICT work. They think about how they carried out a task and how they can improve and refine what they did. Tasks with a strong focus on problem-solving can help you cover this ‘E’ more fully.
Evaluate is likely to form part of an activity in Using ICT whenever you want pupils to refine their work during the process.
Exhibit is about pupils managing and showcasing their work digitally. It ranges from printing and saving their work to organising and maintaining personalised digital areas.
As pupils generate the volume of files from a range of activities that will constitute their e-portfolio, they need to be able to manage the different file types and sizes.
What are the Desirable Features?
The Desirable Features include detailed advice on how schools can satisfy the requirements of the Levels of Progression. They have been designed to support the planning and assessment of Using ICT.
There are 17 sets of Desirable Features. Each set:
- gives examples of the characteristics pupils might typically demonstrate in a Using ICT activity;
- applies to a range of software applications, allowing you to make the best use of the resources available in your school;
- includes characteristics aligned to Levels 1 to 7 in the Levels of Progression;
- contains bullet points typical of each level of competence in a particular activity (not all of these will be appropriate in every activity, but it is likely that pupils will demonstrate most of the points at a level when they carry out an assessment task); and
- has bullet points that are colour-coded with the Levels of Progression, allowing you to see quickly which aspects of the 5‘E’s an activity covers.
Range of Areas and Software
The Desirable Features reflect the range of many Using ICT activities typically available in post-primary schools.
|Some Relevant Software Applications||Desirable Features||Gnéithe Inmhianaithe|
|2D CAD||TechSoft 2D Design, AutoCAD LT, DraftSight, SolidWorks, AutoCAD, SketchUp|
|3D CAD||AutoCAD, Autodesk, Solidworks, ProDesktop, Google Sketchup, Techsoft|
|Data Handling||Microsoft Access, Openoffice, Information Workshop|
|DTP||Microsoft Publisher, Adobe InDesign, Illustrator, Photoshop, Word|
|Exploring Programming||Logo, Scratch, Gamemaker, html, Mediator, Logicator, PIK Logicator, Lego Mindstorms|
|Game Making||Scratch, GameMaker, Mediator|
|Measurement and Datalogging||Proprietary software bundled with dataloggers, Microsoft Excel, DataHarvest, XLogger, Easy Sense|
|Music Technology||GarageGand, Mixcraft, Project 5, Sony Acid, Logic, Audacity, EJay|
|Online Collaboration||VLE such as Moodle, LNI, Google Docs, WordPress, Fronter, Weebly, Blackboard, StudyWiz|
|Presentation||PowerPoint, Keynote, Prezi, PhotoStory, Moviemaker|
|Simulation||Flowcharting, Logicator, Genie, Yenka Technology, Genie Circuit Wizard|
|Using Modelling||Microsoft Excel, Apple iWork Numbers, Google Docs|
|Web Design||FrontPage, Dreamweaver, Kompozer, Publisher (at lower levels)|
|Working with Images||Adobe Photoshop, Illustrator, The Gimp, Paint.net, ComicLife, CrazyTalk|
|Working with Moving Images/Animation||iMovie, Moviemaker, Final Cut, Adobe Premiere, iStopMotion, I Can Animate, Helium Frog, Crazy Talk/Crazy Talk Pro, 2simple2animate|
|Working with Sound||Audacity, GarageBand|
Please note that this is not a definitive list: the types of activity may change over time, and other available software applications may work equally well.