Assessment is likely to be most effective when schools develop it as part of a consistent and coherent whole-school approach (Wiliam et al., 2004; TLRP, 2010). Assessment should be a focus for school self-evaluation (DENI, 2010a), school development planning (DENI, 2010b) and target setting (DENI, 2011).
Effective whole-school planning helps to ensure that assessment is:
- appropriately aligned with the core business of teaching and learning (DENI, 2011); and
- able to monitor progression in:
- Knowledge and Understanding;
- Thinking Skills and Personal Capabilities; and
- the Cross-Curricular Skills (CCS) of Communication, Using Mathematics and Using ICT.
When planning for assessment, every school will develop their own individual approach to assessment.
The case studies below outline how two post primary schools approached aspects of assessment at a whole school level.